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Working Paper

In Poland, we are presently dealing with visible changes in social roles of women and men, the accepted family models and their perception. This is accompanied by lack of a systemic pro-family policy and effective, flexible solutions that would allow for reconciliation between professional or public activity and family life in terms of childcare. In this context, the role of agent of change, identifying the real needs, often unknown or ignored by the decision-makers can be played by the civil society, including TSOs. The activities of MaMa Foundation go beyond the common public debates on childcare, which are concentrated on…

The EU recognises that islands suffer from disadvantaging external natural and economic circumstances. As the need for public participation in decision-making increases, in order to address economic and social cohesion issues, both national and supranational authorities should take action to reinforce community involvement in policy. This research, using information from case studies from Greek islands, investigates the obstacles in promoting public participation in insular areas from a European perspective. The study was based on qualitative research methods and an extensive literature review. In areas with low cohesion, attempts for participation failed. In other areas, where social cohesion was maintained, there…

The concept of participatory local welfare has been translated into practice in different ways. Nonetheless, little empirical attention has been paid to how the institution building participatory processes developed over time. In this paper we will address this issue through a cross sectional case study of Friuli Venezia Giulia’s Area Plans. We will focus the attention on the comparison between the first planning phase held in the period 2004-2008 and the current process which started in the early 2012. In doing so, we assume the participatory local welfare as a continuous learning process. Therefore, we will focus on how participation is…

Since the 1970s, the governance of labour market policies in the UK has been characterised by New Public Management (NPM) traits and since the late 1990s the welfare system has experienced a trend towards activation. The current Coalition Government has maintained this focus on activation and the national welfare-to-work strategy for the long-term unemployed, the Work Programme, follows a similar pattern to that of previous programmes, although novel elements aim to tackle some of the criticism of previous policies. It has been argued that this increased shift towards activation-focused welfare policies is changing the governance of public policy towards the…

This report clarifies the concepts and connects the relationships between austerity measures, welfare services, volunteers and the question of their exploitation by the State. Using a combination of pri. mary and secondary data sources the study reflects on the changing provision of welfare services to vulnerable people over the last century giving particular attention to the changing roles of state and non-state actors.1 The report highlights the need for further study and monitoring of this changing landscape in order to ensure that the role of the State and that of volunteers and their organisations in delivering welfare services remain complementary…

Long-term care for non self-sufficient elderly people is a key issue in most European countries, and its weight is becoming difficult to bear especially for those countries, like Italy, which are facing deep modifications in the traditional family structure and in the labor market, a growth in the call for services whilst funds to sustain the welfare system decrease. A deep understanding of the phenomenon is therefore crucial for institutional care providers, in order to know how to properly direct their planning and activity as well as how to set up the functional coordination of all available resources. It is…

The implementation of the German long-term care insurance in 1995/96 and to some degree the introduction of New Public Management changed the German care system profoundly. It also weakened the traditional local corporatist arrangement in the Western part of Germany and opened it for other actors and institutional change. On the example of four middle-sized German cities the paper asks how are service provider participate in municipal policy-processes towards care for elderly people and how the differences can be explained? It turns out that in East-Germany the relationship between the municipality and the service provider is more characterized by provider…

Work-life balance policies represent an interesting case in the perspective of ‘second welfare’, which imply the participation of a number of non-public actors for the co-production of welfare. Compared to European figures, Italian women display high levels of inactivity, hiking after the birth of the first child, unbalanced care responsibilities with respect to men, inadequate childcare support and work arrangements. However, thanks to a number of stimuli from the EU, in the last decade work-life balance policies have gained some salience within the domestic political debate. In particular, at the sub-national level we have observed a proliferation of initiatives. Building…

In Italy, the development of different forms of “private welfare” is at the core of a controversial debate. The phenomenon has deep roots and takes different forms within welfare mix and welfare society models. What’s new is the growing autonomy of social actors (profit and non-profit) in developing and funding welfare responses. Since the 2008 crisis outbreak, the increasing macro-economic constraints and the growth and diversification of social needs have led to the spreading of organized forms of private financing to implement measures of social welfare not adequately provided by the public policy. The idea that this “private welfare” could…

This paper explores the functioning of a (supposedly) networked system for the provision of employment services implemented by the Lombardy region, which was inspired by the principle of horizontal subsidiarity incorporated in the Italian Constitution in 2001. The regional government devised an employment services system centred on a series of instruments which both empower individuals at risk of social exclusion and build a services path which is tailored to their needs and characteristics, and involve a network of public and private actors. Analysis of the implementation of this system does show that a considerable effort was made to apply the…